What is Artificial Intelligence?¶
To understand artificial intelligence, it is important to develop an understanding of Human intelligence first. Human intelligence is defined as the cognitive abilities to learn, understand, reason, plan, make decisions, solve problems and innovate. Artificial intelligence may be defined as non-human cognitive abilities similar to those of humans.
Are there different types of AI?
Yes, generally speaking we can categorize the artificial intelligence into the following 3 different levels:
Artificial Narrow Intelligence where the focus is on successful accomplishment of a narrow task.
Artificial General Intelligence where the artificially constructed intelligence is capable of achieving human level of cognitive abilities.
Artificial Super Intelligence where the artificial intelligence is capable of achieving cognitive abilities surpassing that of humans.
What is Machine Learning? [read more]
Machine learning refers to a range of computer algorithms that are improved through experience generally referred to as training data. Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence.
What are Artificial Neural Networks? [read more]
Artificial Neural Networks are computing systems composed of network of artificial neural cells. Computational Learning algorithms are used to adjust the parameter of these networks and hence optimize their performance for the targeted tasks. Artificial Neural Networks are one type of the computing systems within Machine Learning.
What is Natural Language Processing? [read more]
Natural language processing is a subfield of artificial intelligence where computing algorithms are used to process natural language data including natural language understanding and natural language generation.
What are the applications of AI?
Applications of artificial narrow intelligence covers a wide range including autonomous vehicles, medical diagnosis, computer games, search engines, virtual assistants, and recommendation engines.
Timeline of Artificial Intelligence
The important events in the history of artificial intelligence span a range of topics from research into understanding of neural cells, research into rule based intelligent systems to recent successes in various applications.